Negation in Bavarian

Helmut Weiß

Universität Regensburg (Germany)
Bavarian exhibits three semantically and syntactically different types of (non-constituent) negation, of which two types are clausal negation and the third one is what could be described as (some kind of) pleonastic or expletive negation. The two types of clausal negation differ in their syntactic position: NEGP1 - as predicate negation it constitutes the unmarked case of sentence negation - immediately dominates VP, whereas NEGP2 is located higher in the sentence structure (I will call it propositional negation). There are some further differences following from this one, for instance that only NEGP1 induces negative concord, but not NEGP2. Both types of clausal negations contribute negative force to sentence meaning putting them in clear contrast to expletive negation which contributes no negative meaning despite the presence of the negative particle. Expletive negation occurs, e.g., in questions or in before-sentences.
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Syntactic Atlas of the Dutch Dialects (SAND)