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On the grammaticalization of Dutch dus ´so´

Jacqueline Evers-Vermeul, Utrecht University

A diachronic analysis of the Dutch word dus ´so´ appears to be a promising undertaking. Firstly, it is interesting from a grammaticalization perspective (cf. Traugott 1995), since present-day Dutch dus serves both the textual function of causal connective and the discourse marker function of accessibility marker (in the sense of Ariel 1988, 1999). Secondly, it is interesting for researchers who are interested in form-function relations (e.g. Lambrecht 1988; Givón 1998), since modern Dutch dus can be used both as an adverb and as a complementizer. In this paper, then, three questions are taken up for investigation:

(1)    Can the diachronic development of Dutch dus be seen as a case of grammaticalization?
(2)    And if so, is the diachronic change in line with Traugott’s (2003, 2005) subjectification cline (non-subjective > subjective > intersubjective)?
(3)    What does the diachronic development reveal about the interaction between form and function of Dutch dus?